A definition of web site hosting
As its name hints, web hosting is a service, which entails hosting web content. There are various forms and types of web hosting, depending on the purpose and on the usage. Even so, they all pertain to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available through the Web. A host is in fact a web server that is linked to the World Wide Web and has its own Internet Protocol address, which permits people to gain access to it via the Web. The server's architecture and its system resources are determined by the form of web hosting solution it's going to be utilized for.
What are the various forms of web hosting?
Depending on the mission, the professional web hosting service may be:
File Hosting - this type of web hosting enables the users to keep their files on a specific web server. With the classic file hosting service, the files that are saved may only be accessed by the client that's availing of the service. This hosting service normally is connected with backups of personal computers , documents, private files and even other web servers. This service may also contain certain limits with regard to the disk storage and the root privileges. There may also be bandwidth quota limits, but that depends on the actual web hosting service provider.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez hosting service is resembling the previous web hosting service type. Still, in contrast with the file hosting solution, the warez web hosting solution is used for transmitting proprietary content without being green-lighted by the license bearer. In short - it appertains to the forbidden circulation of files and materials. There are many methods for this to be done, but the 2 principal ways are - via plain HTTP downloading and via P2P connections. The first way involves either a certain site, or, most often, just a directory on a hosting server that's been made available for everybody to access it and thereby download patented documents free of cost. The second approach involves a P2P connection, availing of the so-called Torrent web servers, through which users exchange files between each other. There aren't many hosting suppliers that permit that type of hosting on their web hosting servers, mostly because of all the judicial problems that it entails. Commonly such web pages are hosted on private dedicated web servers that are registered by third-party corporations either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Electronic Mail Web Hosting - this service is applicable with both shared web hosting and dedicated web servers, based on the customer's wish. If you desire to set up your very own personal SMTP server, then you will require either a private virtual hosting server or a dedicated hosting server that offers the access level required to carry out such a procedure. For regular e-mail hosting ends, however, you can utilize a normal shared site hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain name. This is not a service that's widely used, since the web site hosting and the mail hosting services are being served by 2 different servers, often owned by different hosts.
Website Hosting - the most widely spread and universally utilized hosting service now. It's used for hosting site files, whose kind is determined by the OS the web hosting server is availing of - Linux or Windows. Different kinds of files need different web hosting server OSs, or else they won't be shown correctly on the Web. This sort of web hosting may involve web storage space and traffic quota limits, root-level access and central processing unit usage restrictions.
Depending on the aims and on the objectives, the user should select the sort of web hosting server that he needs for his work, and, of course, the web site hosting firm that's going to furnish it. There are different kinds of web hosting servers, depending on the specs and the web site hosting solutions that they provide. These are:
Shared Website Hosting Server - a shared web hosting server supplies a smaller quantity of resources, which, of course, is manifested in the cost of the service. It can be utilized for hosting small and medium size web pages, which do not require immense quotas of disk storage and bandwidth.
Semi-Dedicated Hosting - they are based on the same principle as the shared webspace hosting servers. Still, there are much fewer customers sharing the same server. Hence, each of them will obtain a greater share of the web server's resources like RAM, disk space, bandwidth and CPU. Ideal for hosting big websites that do not demand full server root privileges.
Virtual Servers - the virtual web hosting servers are ideal for medium web portals, which do require root access to the hosting server's config files. Commonly, there are a handful of virtual server accounts placed on the same physical server. Yet, each of them is independent from the other ones and has its own Operating System.
Dedicated Server Hosting - a completely dedicated machine set up and accessed by you and solely you. It guarantees a considerable quantity of resources. It also gives full server root access, which makes it an excellent environment for any kind of website that needs a hosting service.
The sole question that remains is:
Which web space hosting vendor should I choose?
As already stated, there are just a few web hosting providers providing warez web hosting services because of judicial troubles. Such web hosting providers are being closed down virtually every month. That is why, if you wish to start such a service, you should do it on your very own personal computer. The shared web site hosting service is the most widespread type of web hosting service. That is why, each website hosting provider offers it. Not all of them, however, offer solutions such as private virtual servers, semi-dedicated web servers and dedicated web hosting servers. Most of the small sized web space hosting vendors do not have the means demanded for offering those solutions. Therefore it's always best to settle on a larger company that can supply its clients with all the solutions that they necessitate. You can easily identify such web hosts by the types of solutions that they are making available and by the way that they introduce them to the clients. For instance, some web hosts permit you to kick off with a small sized hosting account and afterwards shift to a bigger one, if you consider it compulsory to do so. This is very convenient, because you do not have to relocate sites between hosting servers and there is no possibility of facing service downtime due to all the problems that may take place. Hosting companies such as Free Hostia are offering all types of services and have the needed web server resources and personnel to assure that their customers will not stumble upon any troubles when changing services, which is what a top hosting supplier is actually all about.